Landsat 9 is the latest satellite in the Landsat series. It will continue Landsat’s record of Earth’s ocean and land surfaces. To reduce the build time and a risk of a gap in observations, Landsat 9 largely replicates its predecessor Landsat 8. Landsat 9 is a partnership between NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey and will continue the Landsat program’s critical role in monitoring, understanding and managing the land resources needed to sustain human life. Today’s increased rates of global land cover and land use change have profound consequences for weather and climate change, ecosystem function and services, carbon cycling and sequestration, resource management, the national and global economy, human health, and society. Landsat is the only U.S. satellite system designed and operated to repeatedly observe the global land surface at a moderate scale that shows both natural and human-induced change.
“Continuing the critical observations made by the Landsat satellites is important now and their value will only grow in the future, given the long term environmental changes we are seeing on planet Earth.” — John Grunsfeld, former NASA Associate Administrator for Science
Uploaded: 28 September 2021
This month 'Hedgehog Street' is celebrating its inspiring and dedicated Hedgehog Champions. In the ten years since Hedgehog Street launched, Hedgehog Champions have been making their gardens hedgehog havens, as well as engaging with neighbours and local communities. The PTES and BHPS are wowed by their efforts. The incredible milestone of 100,000 Hedgehog Champions is fast approaching so they wanted to take this opportunity to thank Champions for their continued commitment to our prickly pals.
Now is the perfect time to reach out to neighbours, friends and family, and continue raising awareness of the plight of hedgehogs. The PTES and BHPS have produced some brand-new downloadable resources for Champions to use. They have two new top tips posters which would look perfect on community notice boards as well as libraries, shops - you name it. They have been so impressed by the incredible work of young people and school groups that they have produced a hedgehog certificate for these inspiring young Champions.
Uploaded: 24 August 2021
Britain is to get its first new beauty zones in 26 years with the Yorkshire Wolds and Cheshire Sandstone Ridge set for Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs) designation under plans to protect 30% of UK land by 2030.
The Yorkshire Wolds and Cheshire Sandstone Ridge will be considered for AONB status, the UK government revealed today.
AONB is an official government designation given to land protected by law, to conserve and enhance its natural beauty.
The government is also planning extensions to the existing Surrey Hills and Chilterns AONBs, both of which surround London.
It is likely to take several years for the areas to be granted AONB status because every local authority involved will have to be consulted before Environment Secretary George Eustice makes the final decision.
Existing protected areas – which include AONBs, National Parks and National Scenic Areas – already comprise approximately 28 per cent of land in the UK.
But an additional 2.2 per cent – more than 500,000 hectares – will be protected too by 2030 in a bid to support 'the recovery of nature'.
Uploaded: 25 June 2021
Responding to the Climate Change Committee’s two progress reports published today, RenewableUK’s Deputy Chief Executive Melanie Onn said:
“The Climate Change Committee is right to highlight the opportunity for the Government to show leadership ahead of COP26 by continuing to set out a bold, detailed and comprehensive plan in its new Net Zero Strategy, to be published later this year.
“The UK needs a more detailed road map to get to Net Zero, so the CCC is spot on in recommending that Ministers set clear, firm targets to ramp up onshore wind and solar deployment between now and 2030. We are confident that, with a few enabling actions, we could develop 30 gigawatts of onshore wind by 2030.
“Regular auctions for contracts to generate clean power and reforms to the planning system to empower communities to choose modern turbines are the keys to unlocking vital new projects, just as the CCC has identified.
“Delivering on climate change commitments must be put right at the heart of every Government department as a matter of urgency. This is a landmark year in what will be a decisive decade in taking action against the biggest threat to our way of life”.
Uploaded: 23 June 2021
With less than 50 pairs breeding at a handful of sites in eastern England, the RSPB is working with the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust to help prevent the second extinction of black-tailed godwits as a breeding species in England.
In partnership with the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust (WWT), this five-year project, funded by the EU LIFE nature programme, aims to increase the population of breeding black-tailed godwits in the UK.
The UK is home to a small breeding population of black-tailed godwits of around 60 pairs. Thanks to their vulnerable population, these large wading birds are red-listed in the UK and possess Near Threatened status globally, meaning they are likely to be threatened with extinction in the near future.
Historically, numbers of breeding black-tailed godwits in the UK declined drastically at the beginning of the 19th century, to the point where they became extinct as breeding birds. This was probably as a result of the draining of natural wetlands and hunting.
After an absence of more than a century, however, black-tailed godwits of the limosa subspecies returned to breed in England in the 1930s and started breeding regularly on the Ouse Washes in 1952.
After reaching a peak of 65 breeding pairs on the Ouse in the early 1970s and with the species just starting to colonise the Nene Washes, a series of spring floods saw numbers halve by the late 1980s. Now the majority of this population is found at the Nene Washes, where 42 pairs were recorded in 2016.
In recent years, the breeding population has continued to be affected by increased flooding in the spring and summer (particularly on the Ouse Washes), and predation, both of which can result in the loss of nests and chicks.
This five-year project, funded by the EU LIFE nature programme, aims to increase the population of breeding black-tailed godwits in the UK.
A small number of the islandica subspecies also now breeds regularly in Orkney and Shetland.
Uploaded: 05 April 2021
The UK’s seabirds are struggling and they need our help to survive. BTO’s new campaign – Our Lost Seabirds – aims to turn the tide.
With public support, the BTO are piloting a monitoring training programme to engage and support vital volunteers. They’ll be on the frontline in efforts to protect 25 seabird species, collecting the evidence they need to take urgent action.
Uploaded: 27 March 2021
Air quality and the dangers of high concentrations of ambient air pollution is of growing concern in our day-to-day lives.
Statistics released by the UK Government show that in 2020, renewable electricity generation outperformed fossil fuels for the first year ever. Renewables provided 43% of the UK’s electricity while fossil fuels generated 38.5%.
The figures, published in the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy’s Energy Trends report, show that onshore and offshore wind provided more than half of the UK’s renewable power in 2020 by generating 24.2% of the UK’s electricity needs (13% from offshore wind and 11.2% from onshore wind). Renewables and nuclear together generated 59%.
The report notes that renewable generation has increased year on year and the latest annual record was driven mainly by high levels of generation from wind which increased by 18% compared to 2019.
A total of 312.8 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity was generated by all sources in 2020.
Renewables generated 134.3TWh, an increase of 11% compared to 2019.
Fossil fuel generation fell by 14% to 120.5 TWh. Renewable electricity generation outstripped fossil fuels in each quarter of 2020 apart from Q3 when it was slightly below.
Wind generated 75.7TWh (40.7TWh from offshore wind and 35TWh from onshore).
BEIS also released statistics covering the final 3 months of 2020, showing that wind generated 24.9% of UK electricity in Q4 (14.1% offshore and 10.8% onshore).
Renewables overall provided 40.5% (34.4TWh) in this period.
The report notes that Covid reduced industrial demand for electricity in 2020. As a result, total generation from all sources fell by 3.7% from 324.8TWh in 2019 to 312.8TWh in 2020.
Uploaded: 26 March 2021
4,000 native oysters are being returned to UK waters as part of an ambitious restoration project, which for the first time is spanning coastal regions across England, Scotland and Wales. The Wild Oysters Project, a partnership between ZSL (Zoological Society of London), Blue Marine Foundation (BLUE) and British Marine aims to help restore healthy, resilient coastal waters around the UK by bringing back these ‘ocean superheroes’ from the brink of extinction.
Earning themselves the title ‘ocean superheroes’, native oysters (Ostrea edulis) provide huge benefits to our coastal waters by helping to clean our seas and acting as an important habitat for marine wildlife. Declining by 95% due to human activities, native oyster populations have continued to decrease since the 1800s, meaning their benefits to the ocean have been lost.
The first mature native oysters have now been housed in nurseries, a micro habitat acting as a maternity ward to the next generation of oysters, suspended underneath marina pontoons in the North East of England. These oysters will begin reproducing over the next few months, releasing millions of baby oysters, known as larvae, into the ocean. This is the first step in the project’s aim to restore native oysters, increasing wild populations around the British coast and see the return of healthy coastal waters.
“These oysters will produce the next generation of the oyster population, by releasing larvae which will settle onto the seabed,” explained Celine Gamble, Wild Oysters Project Manager, ZSL.
“Despite their small size oysters are capable of filtering 200 litres of water a day, the oysters will almost immediately begin their important work helping to create cleaner water and increase marine biodiversity in the UK.”
The project, which spans the UK, has begun by installing 47 nurseries with 1,300 native oysters underneath marina pontoons in Sunderland Marina and Port of Blyth, North East of England. Partnering with Groundwork North East and Cumbria, along with the Environment Agency North East, local Project Officers will help to care for the newly placed oysters.
Uploaded: 24 March 2021
The Bumblebee Conservation Trust needs your help to search out bumblebees across Wales.
The wonderful Welsh landscape is home to some very special bumblebees. Wales has 23 out of the 24 UK species, including some of the rarest.
In the mountains, it has one of Britain’s most beautiful bees – the bilberry bumblebee (Bombus monticola). On the flower-rich grasslands of the south coast, it has some of the last remaining populations of the UK’s most threatened bumblebee, the shrill carder bee (Bombus sylvarum).
Bumblebees are a familiar and popular sight in gardens and play a vital role in pollination, but just like everywhere else, in Wales most have suffered declines. They continue to face pressures including the loss of their flower-rich habitats, use of harmful chemicals, and climate change.
The first step to successfully conserving Welsh bumblebee populations is to know where they are hanging on, and how many remain. But for many species, there is very little up-to-date data on this – the BBCT/Skills for Bees: Cymru needs your sightings as a matter of urgency. The attached leaflet gives details of how you can help.
Uploaded: 10 March 2021
Air quality and the dangers of high concentrations of ambient air pollution is of growing concern in our day-to-day lives.
With remote working still in place for most of the country together with colder winter temperatures, it is inevitable that the usage of domestic wood and coal burners and open fires increases, contributing to a rise in local levels of particulate matter (PM2.5), a pollutant which contributes to and worsens health problems including asthma, COPD and diabetes.
Identifying and mitigating PM2.5 emissions from activities including wood burning stoves, open fires, bonfires, waste burning and restaurants, may be the transforming factor that enables large scale improvements in public health.
This is an area that the air quality specialist, EarthSense, has been supporting as part of a cutting-edge project with Leicester City Council, which utilises their full air quality monitoring service including sensors, modelling and guidance. This system is designed to clearly communicate the consequences of burning wood at specific times and places for the residents of Leicester.
To do this, a collection of data was used to feed into the model, including Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for calculations of how pollution flows throughout urban canyons and buildings in Leicester, source apportionment to identify each of the particulate matter sources, a traffic layer as well as a wood burning smoke estimate created by EarthSense for the Council. Leicester City Council also used MappAir®’s historic pollution data and up to three-day air quality forecasting, which was used to notify members of the public of days predicted to experience unsafe levels. The highest concentrations were measured on cold days likely to increase usage of log burners or public celebrations such as bonfire night. The EarthSense solution is designed to deliver guidance in advance of high pollution events, and behavioural changes for personal and community benefit. For a real-time, local understanding of local PM2.5 emissions, the project also uses EarthSense’s flagship product, the Zephyr® sensor with an established network of 11 units including 6 static units around Leicester, 1 outside the city boundary together with mobile units connected to electric vehicles and bicycles.
Uploaded: 26 February 2021
According to the Department for Transport (DfT), E10 fuel, which is a mixture of petrol and ethanol and is made from materials including low-grade grains, sugars and waste wood, could cut transport CO2 emissions by 750,000 tonnes per year, the equivalent of taking 350,000 cars off the road.
The two petrol blends that are currently widely available in the UK contain no more than 5% ethanol, but the new fuel will have up to 10%.
The E10 fuel will be widely available at petrol stations across the country from September 2021.
A small number of older vehicles including classic cars, and some from the early 2000s, will continue to need E5 fuel, which is why supplies of E5 petrol will be maintained in the super grade.
The DfT has said that this project will also boost job opportunities in the North East, securing up to 100 jobs with the reopening of AB Sugar’s Vivergo plant.
Transport Secretary, Grant Shapps, said: ‘We’re going further and faster than ever to cut emissions from our roads, cleaning up our air as we accelerate towards a zero-emission transport future.
‘Although more and more motorists are driving electric vehicles, there are steps we can take to reduce emissions from the millions of vehicles already on our roads – the small switch to E10 petrol will help drivers across the country reduce the environmental impact of every journey, as we build back greener.’
Dr Mark Carr, Group Chief Executive of AB Sugar, added: ‘We are delighted to be re-opening the Vivergo Fuels site today located in the heart of the Northern Powerhouse on the back of the Government’s decision to move forward with E10.
‘We’ve long been calling for this introduction as E10 is one of the quickest, easiest and most cost-effective ways of the UK reducing its carbon emissions whilst providing an economic boost to sustaining the British biofuels industry and the local and national economy. We will be recruiting around 85 highly skilled green jobs in addition to the core team that remained in place during its closure in the North East of England and re-opening a new market for wheat farmers in the UK.’
Uploaded: 26 February 2021
Once again the RSPB is running its Big Garden Birdwatch this coming weekend and it's a great way to boost your mood in January.
Pick a time
You can choose any hour between 29 and 31 January. So whether you’re an early bird or a night owl, you can still take part.
Note down what you see
Count the birds you see in your garden or from your balcony. This year the advice is to take part in the safety of your own home. This could include a birdwatch from your window if you overlook a green space or courtyard. Ignore any birds that are in flight. To avoid double-counting, just record the highest number of each bird species you see at any one time – not a running total.
Submit your results
You can submit your results online on the RSPB website from 29 January until 19 February. You can find this by using the ‘Learn More’ link below.
Every count is important so, if you don’t see anything, please still submit your results. Finding out which birds don’t visit your area is as important as understanding those which do.
Uploaded: 27 January 2021
A group of leading bTB experts has expressed concern that the Government is misleading the public and the veterinary profession about key facts surrounding the UK’s controversial badger cull.
In a letter to CVO Christine Middlemiss, a group of leading vets – including Iain McGill, the former government scientist who blew the whistle on the BSE cover-up in the 1990s – also raise concerns that comments made about the science behind the cull threaten to undermine confidence in the independence of the CVO’s advice to Government.
For the past seven years, targeted culling of the protected species has been a central part of the Government’s strategy to eradicate bTB by 2038 – a policy that has seen more than 100,000 badgers killed across 52 different areas at a cost of more than £60 million to the taxpayer.
In the letter – which you can read online – the authors challenge comments made by Dr Middlemiss during an interview in which she discussed phasing out the cull, as well as the use of whole genome sequencing and the strength of evidence it provides about the role badgers play in the spread of bTB.
The letter also questions Dr Middlemiss’ advice regarding culling in Derbyshire, which began this year, despite research on found-dead badgers in the northern edge area by Malcolm Bennett, from the University of Nottingham School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, suggesting badgers were not driving the cattle epidemic in the region.
The letter reads: “Were you not aware of Prof Bennett’s findings and conclusions in this regard? If you were aware of this, we can understand why you might have withdrawn your support for culling in Derbyshire in 2019, but why did you then go on to authorise culling in 2020?
“Given the above inconsistencies, we are extremely concerned your statements may have misled the public, the farming industry and members of the veterinary profession, and threaten to undermine confidence in the independence of the CVO’s advice to Government.”
The letter also questions the use of pie charts in the APHA’s epidemiology reports, which are based on risk pathway questionnaires (disease risk forms [DRFs]) completed by the attending vet. It continued: “These DRF pie charts are being quoted as if they represented fact by multiple authors to incriminate badgers as the source of the overwhelming majority of herd breakdowns.”
In response to the letter, a Defra spokesman said: “BTB is one of the most difficult and intractable animal health challenges that the UK faces today, causing considerable trauma for farmers and costing taxpayers more than £100 million every year.
“No one wants to continue the cull of a protected species indefinitely. That is why we are accelerating other elements of our strategy, including vaccination and improved testing, so we can eradicate this insidious disease and start to phase out badger culling in England.”
Uploaded: 03 January 2021
UKCEH is leading a major four-year study, funded by the Natural Environment Research Council, which will bring together data and expert knowledge from around the world to assess the impact of different threats on all insect groups.
The new £2.2 million project could enable more reliable assessments of how human activities cause global insect declines, as well as better predictions of future species trends.
Despite widespread reports of reduced insect populations, there is currently limited evidence to link species losses to specific threats says Dr Nick Isaac of the UKCEH, who is leading the study.
The project will bring together diverse sources of data including expert knowledge to assess the impact of individual threats – including agricultural intensification, climate change, pollution and invasive non-native species – on all insect groups across the world.
Uploaded: 22 December 2020
The Bumblebee Conservation Trust currently have eight projects based around the UK, four partnership led projects and three new projects starting in 2021.
In 2020, they provided advice to help landowners improve several hundred hectares of land to make better habitat for bumblebees! They brought their Bee ID events online, reaching out to hundreds of volunteers and the general public. They also introduced BeeWalk in 2020 which was deemed a success given the social distancing and COVID-19 lockdown restrictions and are looking forward to producing the 2020 BeeWalk Report.
They have a new Skills for Bees: Cymru project starting in January to increase the training and surveying of bumblebees. And following the successes of the amazing habitat creation under the Short-haired reintroduction project they will 'Bee connected' next year.
During 2020, they have been providing monthly tips on how to #beekind and choose the best plants for bumblebees in your garden.
Uploaded: 22 December 2020
Both the Yorkshire Dales and North York Moors national parks have been designated International Dark Sky Reserves, creating the largest dark sky area in the UK and one of the biggest in Europe. Combined, the two parks cover 3,500 square kilometers.
Dark sky designation is granted by the International Dark Sky Association (IDA), the foremost authority on light pollution, based in Tucson, Arizona. To be designated, an area must undergo a rigorous process to prove the exceptional quality of its nocturnal environment as well as showing strong community support, encouraging the take-up of dark-sky-friendly lighting and facilitating educational activities. The parks hope the status will help prevent future light pollution and boost out-of-season tourism.
Both have some of the darkest skies in the country, with little to no light pollution making thousands of stars, meteors and the Northern Lights visible.
There are now eleven IDA dark sky reserves in England, Scotland and Wales: - Galloway Forest Park, an International Dark Sky Park, Scotland (2009) - Exmoor National Park, an International Dark Sky Reserve, England (2011) - Northumberland and Kielder Water and Forest Park, an International Dark Sky Park, England (2013) - Brecon Beacons National Park, an International Dark Sky Reserve, Wales (2013) - Isle of Coll International Dark Sky Community, Scotland (2013) - Elan Valley International Dark Sky Park, Wales (2015) - Snowdonia International Dark Sky Reserve, Wales (2015) - Moffat International Dark Sky Community, Scotland (2016) - South Downs International Dark Sky Reserve, England (2016) - Yorkshire Dales International Dark Sky Reserve, England (2020) - North York Moors International Dark Sky Reserve, England (2020)
Uploaded: 09 December 2020
Brighton and Hove is the first UK location to receive the prestigious Gold Sustainable Food Place Award recognising pioneering work around good food. The Sustainable Food Places Network is a rapidly growing movement of people in towns, cities, boroughs and counties across the UK working to make healthy, sustainable and local food a defining characteristic of where they live.
Through local food partnerships involving local authorities, charities, businesses and community groups, the Network is using good food to tackle some of the biggest social, economic and environmental issues today, food poverty and obesity and the decay of our high streets and the disappearance of family farming to climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution and waste.
Brighton and Hove was the first city in the UK to create a citywide food strategy, the first to have food growing written into planning guidelines for new residential developments and the first to require all Council food procurement to meet minimum health and sustainability standards.
Uploaded: 30 November 2020
Young environmental activists from around the world are meeting virtually to call for greater action on climate change.
UN Climate Change talks - known as COP26 - were due to be held in Glasgow this year and were delayed because of COVID-19. So these hundreds of young people decided to create their own. Unlike the UN summit, the youth-led Mock COP is not based in an actual place. Instead talks are being hosted virtually across multiple time zones, reducing carbon emissions by 1,500 times that of previous COP events, according to the organisers.
Josh Tregale, 18, from the UK, decided to defer his place at university to get more involved with environmental work. He says he wants to set an example for how COP could be run in a low-carbon way.
"At a normal COP summit, delegates fly in from around the world. They can emit more than 50,000 tonnes of CO2 - whereas ours will emit around 39 tonnes of CO2," he said. "If each year those carbon savings were made by government meetings that could have a huge impact."
From last week until 1 Dec 2020, 350 young environmental activists from 150 countries will hold discussions and will hear from a range of climate experts to produce a final statement of their demands. We are living in a climate emergency and they feel they cannot wait until the UN Climate Change talks can take place in a years time.
Uploaded: 28 November 2020
WILTSHIRE Against The Badger Cull has praised Bradford on Avon Town Council for stating it will not allow badger culling and hunting to take place on its land as part of a new wildlife protection policy.
Local members of the Wiltshire Badger Group urged other local town and parish councils, as well as Wiltshire Council, to follow Bradford on Avon's lead.
In a statement issued on Thursday, the group said: "Whilst we recognise most culling does of course take place on private farmland, we are delighted to see local councils such as Bradford on Avon Town Council take a progressive stance to protect the wildlife and the environment.
"We now urge other parish councils and indeed Wiltshire Council to make a similar stand and also ban hunting and culling on their land."
The town council's environment and planning committee recently approved a wildlife protection policy that would ban badger culling and hunting on its land.
The council said: "Very pleased that the Bradford on Avon Town Council Environment and Planning Committee voted in favour of the Wildlife Protection policy tonight, which commits the Council to refusing consent to hunt or cull across Town Council lands, to using and supporting non-lethal methods of species control, and to helping to guide others in the same direction.
"It's a signal of intent and leadership for others in the local area, following the example set last year by Bath and North East Somerset - and it would be great to see other parish councils in the local area and indeed Wiltshire Council follow suit.”
Uploaded: 14 November 2020
The UK Government has brought forward [by 10 years] the year in which the sale of new petrol and diesel cars will be banned to 2030.
Also, the year in which the sale of new hybrid cars will be banned has been brought forward to 2035.
Uploaded: 14 November 2020
The UN's Climate Change Envoy and former Bank of England governor Mark Carney has said that reaching net zero emissions requires a "whole economy transition" that represents "the greatest commercial opportunity of our time".
With a keynote address from Mr Carney, the summit will focus on the role of financial services in supporting a green recovery and an economy-wide transition to net zero. It will also explore how capital can be mobilised at the pace and scale needed to meet the UK’s and international commitments to net-zero emissions by 2050.
The Green Horizon Summit – The Pivotal Role of Finance is taking place at Mansion House, as a virtual event from 9 – 11 November 2020, the original dates for the postponed UN Climate Change Conference (COP26), which has been deferred to November 2021 in Glasgow due to COVID-19.
Uploaded: 10 November 2020